“Diplomatiya aləmi” .2008.-N18-19.-P.91-94
February 1992, an unprecedented massacre was committed against the Azerbaijani
population in the town of
The inhabitants of Khojaly remained in the town before the tragic night (about 2500 people) ried to leave their houses after the beginning of the assault in the hope to find the way to the nearest place populated by the Azerbaijanis. But these plans have failed. Invaders destroyed Khojaly and with particular brutality, which violated every norm of common sense, implemented :arnage over its peaceful population.
annihilation of hundreds of blameless inhabitants of Khojaly
was one of the most heinous crimes during the armed conflict in and around the
Nagorny Karabakh region of
from the considerable information in possession of the law-enforcement agencies
Thus, as Thomas Goltz reported, "[t]he attackers killed most of the soldiers and volunteers defending the women and children. They then turned their guns on the terrified refugees."1
According to Reuters, though "[t]he Republic of Armenia reiterated denials that its militants had killed 1,000 people in the Azerbaijani-populated town of Khojaly last week and had massacred men, women and children fleeing the carnage across snow-covered mountain passes", "[b]ut dozens of bodies scattered over the area lent credence to Azerbaijani reports of a massacre."2
In view of The Times, "[m]ore than sixty bodies, including those of women and children, have been spotted on hillsides in Nagorny Karabakh, confirming claims that Armenian troops massacred Azeri refugees."3
In response to misrepresentation by the Armenian side, Executive Director of the Human Rights Watch/Helsinki Holly Cartner made clear that the Armenians bore direct responsibility for the civilian deaths in Khojaly, while no evidence supported the argument of the Armenian side that Azerbaijani forces had obstructed the flight of, or had fired on Azerbaijani civilians.4
Congressman Dan Burton in his speech in the U.S. House of Representatives on 17 February 2005 pointed out the following:
[F]or years a
number of distinguished Members of this House have come to the Floor of this
Chamber every April to commemorate the so-called Armenian Genocide - the exact
details of which are still very much under debate today almost 90 years after
the events. Ironically and tragically, none of these Members has ever once
mentioned the ethnic cleansing carried out by the Armenians during the
Armenia-Azerbaijan war which ended a mere decade ago. Khojaly
was a little known small town in
Armenian officials deny their responsibility for the crimes committed during the conflict, including against the population of Khojaly, airily falsifying facts and sharing own interpretations of them, which deviate not only from reality but also from elementary logic. Nevertheless, even the subtlest propaganda will never manage to disprove the facts that speak of a situation diametrically opposite to that represented by the Armenian side.
Apart from the
considerable information in possession of the law-enforcement agencies of the
Thus, for example, Markar Melkonian, brother of the well-known international terrorist Monte Melkonian, while considering what has happened in Khojaly simply as a consequence of "discipline problems" and "insubordination" among Armenian military units, testified the following:
At about 11:00
p.m. the night before, some 2,000 Armenian fighters had advanced through the
high grass on three sides of Khojaly, forcing the
residents out through the open side to the east. By the morning of February 26,
the refugees had made it to the eastern cusp of Mountainous Karabagh
and had begun working their way downhill, toward safety in the Azeri city of
Now, the only sound was the wind whistling through dry grass, a wind that was too early yet to blow away the stench of corpses.
over the grass where women and girls lay scattered like broken dolls. "No
discipline", he muttered. He knew the significance of the day's date: it
was the run-up to the fourth anniversary of the anti-Armenian pogrom in the
In his book "
But the most important was that the recently elected President of Armenia Serzh Sarkisian said of what had had happened:
Before Khojaly, the Azerbaijanis thought that they were joking
with us, they thought that the Armenians were people who could not raise their
hand against the civilian population. We were able to break that [stereotype].
And that's what happened. And we should also take into account that amongst
those boys were people who had fled from Baky and
As Thomas de Waal sums up, "Sarkisian's account throws a different light on the worst massacre of the Karabakh war, suggesting that the killings may, at least in part, have been a deliberate act of mass killing as intimidation".7
The facts mentioned above confirm that the intentional slaughter of the Khojaly town civilians on 25-26 February 1992, including children, elderly and women, was directed to their mass extermination only because they were Azerbaijanis. The Khojaly town was chosen as a stage for further occupation and ethnic cleansing of Azerbaijani territories, striking terror into the hearts of people and creating panic and fear before the horrifying massacre.
1 "Armenian soldiers massacre hundreds of fleeing families", The Sunday Times, 1 March 1992.
2 "Massacre by Armenians being reported", The New York Times, 3 March 1992.
3 Anatol Lieven, "Massacre uncovered", The Times, 3 March 1992)
4 Human Rights Watch/Helsinki, 24 March 1997.
5 Markar Melkonian, My Brother's
Road. An American's Fateful Journey to
6 Paul Quinne-Judge, "Armenians, Azerbaijanis tell of terror;
Behind an alleged massacre, a long trail of personal revenge", Boston
Globe, 15 March 1992, as cited in Thomas de Waal,
7 Thomas de Wall,